photo credits: Wikimedia Commons
movement: Conservative Revolution
country of citizenship: Germany
languages spoken, written or signed: German
educated at: Leipzig University
occupation: soldier, entomologist, philosopher, writer, diarist, journalist, science fiction writer, poet
award received: Pour le Mérite, Order of Merit of Baden-Württemberg, Prix mondial Cino Del Duca, Great Cross with Star and Sash of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, Schiller Memorial Prize, Goethe Prize, Bavarian Maximilian Order for Science and Art, Immermann-Preis, honorary doctor of the University of Madrid Complutense, Literaturpreis der Stadt Bremen
Ernst Jünger (German pronunciation: [ɛʁnst ˈjʏŋɐ]; 29 March 1895 – 17 February 1998) was a philosopher, a highly decorated Imperial German soldier, author, and entomologist who became publicly known for his World War I memoir Storm of Steel.
The son of a successful businessman and chemist, Jünger rebelled against an affluent upbringing and sought adventure in the Wandervogel, before running away to briefly serve in the French Foreign Legion, an illegal act. Because he escaped prosecution in Germany due to his father's efforts, Jünger was able to enlist in the German Army on the outbreak of World War I in 1914. During an ill-fated offensive in 1918 Jünger's suffered the last and most serious of his many woundings, and he was awarded the Pour le Mérite, a rare decoration for one of his rank.
He wrote against liberal values and democracy, but rejected advances of the rising Nazis. In the aftermath of World War II, Jünger was treated with some suspicion as a possible fellow traveller of the Nazis. By the latter stages of the Cold War, his unorthodox writings about the impact of materialism in modern society were widely seen as conservative rather than radical nationalist, and his philosophical works came to be highly regarded in mainstream German circles. Jünger ended life as an honoured literary figure, although critics continued to charge him with the alleged glorification of war as a transcendental experience in some of his early works.
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