Author
photo credits: Wikimedia Commons
Alexander Grothendieck
GermanFrench mathematician
wd:Q77141
1928

2014
country of citizenship: France, German Reich
native language: German
language of expression: French, German
educated at: University of Montpellier, École normale supérieure, NancyUniversité
occupation: mathematician, university teacher
award received: Fields medal, Émile Picard Medal, Crafoord Prize in Mathematics, Crafoord Prize, Cours Peccot
student of: Laurent Schwartz
Alexander Grothendieck (; German: [ˈɡroːtn̩diːk]; French: [ɡʁɔtɛndik]; 28 March 1928 – 13 November 2014) was a mathematician who became the leading figure in the creation of modern algebraic geometry. His research extended the scope of the field and added elements of commutative algebra, homological algebra, sheaf theory and category theory to its foundations, while his socalled "relative" perspective led to revolutionary advances in many areas of pure mathematics. He is considered by many to be the greatest mathematician of the 20th century.Born in Germany, Grothendieck was raised and lived primarily in France, and he and his family were persecuted by the Nazi regime. For much of his working life, however, he was, in effect, stateless. As he consistently spelled his first name "Alexander" rather than "Alexandre" and his surname, taken from his mother, was the Dutchlike Low German "Grothendieck", he was sometimes mistakenly believed to be of Dutch origin.Grothendieck began his productive and public career as a mathematician in 1949. In 1958, he was appointed a research professor at the Institut des hautes études scientifiques (IHÉS) and remained there until 1970, when, driven by personal and political convictions, he left following a dispute over military funding. He received his Fields Medal in 1966 for advances in algebraic geometry, homological algebra, and Ktheory. He later became professor at the University of Montpellier and, while still producing relevant mathematical work, he withdrew from the mathematical community and devoted himself to political and religious pursuits (first Buddhism and later a more Christian vision). In 1991, he moved to the French village of Lasserre in the Pyrenees, where he lived secluded, still working tirelessly on mathematics until his death in 2014.
Read more or edit on Wikipedia
Series
0Works
5Éléments de géométrie algébrique
book
wd:Q274808
author: Alexander Grothendieck, Jean Dieudonné
1960
Revêtements étales et groupe fondamental.
inv:102053ad175a57aa89eab748be5e479c
author: Alexander Grothendieck, M. Raynaud
Cohomologie locale des faisceaux cohérents et théorèmes de Lefschetz locaux et globaux
inv:71db0da72ef524b07e77809526f5d527
author: Alexander Grothendieck
Commutative Algebra
inv:df0aad168c4d0bfa6f55567973f62145
author: Alexander Grothendieck, N. Bourbaki
Articles
3On the de Rham cohomology of algebraic varieties ( 1966 )
scientific article (publication date: 1966)
author: Alexander Grothendieck
Groupes de Type Multiplicatif, et Structure des Schémas en Groupes Généraux ( 1970 )
wetenschappelijk artikel
author: Alexander Grothendieck
M. Raynaud, Michael Artin, A. Grothendieck, J.P. Serre