Virginia Axline

1911 - 1988
country of citizenship:  United States of America
languages spoken, written or signed:  English

Virginia Mae Axline (March 31, 1911 – March 21, 1988) was a psychologist and one of the pioneers in the use of play therapy. She wrote the book Dibs in Search of Self. She was also the author of Play Therapy, published in 1947.Play therapy practice is still largely based on Axline's work. In the 1940s, she began to develop nondirective play therapy, the principles of which were based on Carl Rogers' newly emerging person-centered approach. In her first published work, she establishes the eight basic principles of nondirective play therapy.Axline developed her own approach to child counseling which is grounded in the person-centered principles Rogers used when working with adult patients. Axline's approach came to known as Nondirective Play Therapy, later called Child-Centered Play Therapy (CCPT). In her book Play Therapy she discussed her theory for child psychology. Child-Centered Play Therapy or CCPT is a nonverbal communication that happens through play. It strives to promote healing, psychological and behavioral changes in children. In 1964, Axline published Dibs in Search of Self, a case study of a five-year-old patient, Dibs, who was withdrawn and uncommunicative. Eventually, play therapy led to an emotional breakthrough. This book describes the weekly sessions that extend over several months of therapy. Through this therapy, Axline realized that Dibs was a genius with an IQ of 168. This book has become a part of the clinical/developmental psychology curriculum at many universities. It is still known as one of the most influential books in the field of play therapy. Source: Wikipedia (en)


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