John Milton

English epic poet

1608   -   1674

country of citizenship: England
native language: English
educated at: Christ's College, St. Paul's School, Jesus College
occupation: writer, poet, politician

John Milton (9 December 1608 – 8 November 1674) was an English poet, polemicist, man of letters, and civil servant for the Commonwealth of England under its Council of State and later under Oliver Cromwell. He wrote at a time of religious flux and political upheaval, and is best known for his epic poem Paradise Lost (1667), written in blank verse. Writing in English, Latin, Greek, and Italian, he achieved international renown within his lifetime, and his celebrated Areopagitica (1644), written in condemnation of pre-publication censorship, is among history's most influential and impassioned defences of freedom of speech and freedom of the press. His desire for freedom extended into his style: he introduced new words (coined from Latin) to the English language, and was the first modern writer to employ non-rhymed verse outside of the theatre or translations. William Hayley's 1796 biography called him the "greatest English author", and he remains generally regarded "as one of the preeminent writers in the English language", though critical reception has oscillated in the centuries since his death (often on account of his republicanism). Samuel Johnson praised Paradise Lost as "a poem which...with respect to design may claim the first place, and with respect to performance, the second, among the productions of the human mind", though he (a Tory and recipient of royal patronage) described Milton's politics as those of an "acrimonious and surly republican". Poets such as William Blake, William Wordsworth and Thomas Hardy revered him.
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works

30

Defensio Secunda

book by John Milton

author: John Milton

Paradise Lost

epic poem

author: John Milton

1666

Lycidas

1638 poem written by John Milton

author: John Milton

1637

Samson Agonistes

werk van John Milton

author: John Milton

1670

Paradise Regained

poem by John Milton

author: John Milton

1670

Milton's divorce tracts

werk van John Milton

author: John Milton

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