Ian Fleming cover

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Ian Fleming

English author, journalist and naval intelligence officer

1908   -   1964

genre: detective fiction
country of citizenship: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, United Kingdom
educated at: Eton College, Royal Military College, Sandhurst
occupation: journalist, writer, novelist, screenwriter

Ian Lancaster Fleming (28 May 1908 – 12 August 1964) was an English author, journalist, and naval intelligence officer who is best known for his James Bond series of spy novels. Fleming came from a wealthy family connected to the merchant bank Robert Fleming & Co., and his father was the Member of Parliament for Henley from 1910 until his death on the Western Front in 1917. He was educated at Eton, Sandhurst, and the universities of Munich and Geneva, and he moved through several jobs before he started writing. Fleming worked for Britain's Naval Intelligence Division during the Second World War and was involved in planning Operation Goldeneye and in the planning and oversight of the 30 Assault Unit and T-Force intelligence units. His wartime service and his career as a journalist provided much of the background, detail, and depth of the James Bond novels. Fleming wrote his first Bond novel Casino Royale in 1952. It was a success, with three print runs being commissioned to cope with the demand. Eleven Bond novels and two collections of short stories followed between 1953 and 1966. The novels revolved around James Bond, an officer in the Secret Intelligence Service commonly known as MI6. Bond was also known by his code number 007, and was a commander in the Royal Naval Reserve. The Bond stories rank among the best-selling series of fictional books of all time, having sold more than 100 million copies worldwide. Fleming also wrote the children's story Chitty-Chitty-Bang-Bang and two works of non-fiction. In 2008, The Times ranked Fleming 14th on its list of "The 50 greatest British writers since 1945". Fleming was married to Ann Charteris, who was divorced from the second Viscount Rothermere because of her affair with Fleming. The couple had a son named Caspar. Fleming was a heavy smoker and drinker for most of his life and succumbed to heart disease in 1964 at age 56. Two of his James Bond books were published posthumously. Fleming's creation has appeared in film 26 times, portrayed by seven actors.
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