Peter the Great cover

photo credits: Wikimedia Commons

Peter the Great

Tsar and 1st Emperor, founder of the Russian Empire

1672   -   1725

country of citizenship: Tsardom of Russia, Russian Empire
native language: Russian
language of expression: Russian
occupation: ruler, statesperson
award received: ордэн Белага арла, Order of St. Andrew, Order of the Elephant, Order of the White Eagle
position held: Emperor of All Russia, Tsar of All Russia

Ebooks: on Wikisource

Peter the Great (Russian: Пётр Вели́кий, tr. Pyotr Velikiy, IPA: [ˈpʲɵtr vʲɪˈlʲikʲɪj]), Peter I (Russian: Пётр Первый, tr. Pyotr Pyerviy, IPA: [ˈpʲɵtr ˈpʲɛrvɨj]) or Peter Alexeyevich (Russian: Пётр Алексе́евич, IPA: [ˈpʲɵtr ɐlʲɪˈksʲejɪvʲɪtɕ]; 9 June [O.S. 30 May] 1672 – 8 February [O.S. 28 January] 1725) ruled the Tsardom of Russia and later the Russian Empire from 7 May [O.S. 27 April] 1682 until his death in 1725, jointly ruling before 1696 with his elder half-brother, Ivan V. Through a number of successful wars, he expanded the Tsardom into a much larger empire that became a major European power and also laid the groundwork for the Russian navy after capturing ports at Azov and the Baltic Sea. He led a cultural revolution that replaced some of the traditionalist and medieval social and political systems with ones that were modern, scientific, Westernised and based on the Enlightenment. Peter's reforms had a lasting impact on Russia, and many institutions of the Russian government trace their origins to his reign. He is also known for founding and developing the city of Saint Petersburg, which remained the capital of Russia until 1917.
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The Will of Peter the Great

gefälschtes Dokument, das die Absicht des zaristischen Russlands belegen soll, langfristig eine militärische und politische Vormachtstellung in Europa erreichen zu wollen

author: Peter the Great

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