Plato cover

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Plato

Classical Greek philosopher

-427   -   -348

movement: Platonism
country of citizenship: Classical Athens
native language: Ancient Greek
occupation: philosopher, epigrammatist, poet, author
position held: scholarch of the Platonic Academy
student of: Socrates, Theodorus of Cyrene, Hermogenes
influenced by: Socrates, Heraclitus, Parmenides

Ebooks: on Wikisource

Plato (; Greek: Πλάτων Plátōn, pronounced [plá.tɔːn] in Classical Attic; 428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC) was a philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world. He is widely considered the pivotal figure in the development of Western philosophy. Unlike nearly all of his philosophical contemporaries, Plato's entire work is believed to have survived intact for over 2,400 years.Along with his teacher, Socrates, and his most famous student, Aristotle, Plato laid the foundations of Western philosophy and science. Alfred North Whitehead once noted: "the safest general characterization of the European philosophical tradition is that it consists of a series of footnotes to Plato." In addition to being a foundational figure for Western science, philosophy, and mathematics, Plato has also often been cited as one of the founders of Western religion and spirituality.Plato was the innovator of the written dialogue and dialectic forms in philosophy. Plato appears to have been the founder of Western political philosophy, with his Republic, and Laws among other dialogues, providing some of the earliest extant treatments of political questions from a philosophical perspective. Plato's own most decisive philosophical influences are usually thought to have been Socrates, Parmenides, Heraclitus and Pythagoras, although few of his predecessors' works remain extant and much of what we know about these figures today derives from Plato himself.The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy describes Plato as "...one of the most dazzling writers in the Western literary tradition and one of the most penetrating, wide-ranging, and influential authors in the history of philosophy. ... He was not the first thinker or writer to whom the word “philosopher” should be applied. But he was so self-conscious about how philosophy should be conceived, and what its scope and ambitions properly are, and he so transformed the intellectual currents with which he grappled, that the subject of philosophy, as it is often conceived—a rigorous and systematic examination of ethical, political, metaphysical, and epistemological issues, armed with a distinctive method—can be called his invention. Few other authors in the history of Western philosophy approximate him in depth and range: perhaps only Aristotle (who studied with him), Aquinas and Kant would be generally agreed to be of the same rank."
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works

41

Charmides

work of Plato

author: Plato

Menon

polskie tłumaczenie dialogu Platona pod tytułem "Menon" z 1888 roku

author: Plato

1888

Philebus

dialogue

author: Plato

Minos

dialogue attributed to Plato, featuring Socrates and a Companion

author: Plato

Phaedo

book

author: Plato

Gorgias

Socratic dialogue written by Plato

author: Plato

Crito

Platonic dialogue concerning justice and injustice

author: Plato

Apology

work by Plato

author: Plato

-395

Timaeus

book

author: Plato

Sophist

book

author: Plato

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