Plato cover

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Plato

Classical Greek philosopher

427   -   347

movement: Platonism
country of citizenship: Classical Athens
native language: Ancient Greek
occupation: philosopher, epigrammatist, poet, author
position held: scholarch of the Platonic Academy
student of: Socrates, Theodorus of Cyrene, Hermogenes
influenced by: Socrates, Heraclitus, Parmenides

Ebooks: on Wikisource

Plato (; PLAY-toe Greek: Πλάτων Plátōn, pronounced [plá.tɔːn] PLOT-own in Classical Attic; 428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC) was an Athenian philosopher during the Classical period in Ancient Greece and the founder of the Academy, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world. He is widely considered the pivotal figure in the history of Ancient Greek and Western philosophy, along with his teacher, Socrates, and his most famous student, Aristotle. Alfred North Whitehead once noted: "the safest general characterization of the European philosophical tradition is that it consists of a series of footnotes to Plato."Plato has also often been cited as one of the founders of Western religion and spirituality. The so-called Neoplatonism of philosophers like Plotinus and Porphyry influenced Saint Augustine and thus Christianity. Plato was the innovator of the written dialogue and dialectic forms in philosophy. Plato also appears to have been the founder of Western political philosophy. His most famous contribution bears his name, Platonism (also ambiguously called either Platonic realism or Platonic idealism), the doctrine of the Forms known by pure reason to provide a realist solution to the problem of universals. He is also the namesake of Platonic love and the Platonic solids. His own most decisive philosophical influences are usually thought to have been along with Socrates, the pre-Socratics Parmenides, Heraclitus and Pythagoras, although few of his predecessors' works remain extant and much of what we know about these figures today derives from Plato himself. Unlike the work of nearly all of his contemporaries, Plato's entire oeuvre is believed to have survived intact for over 2,400 years. Although their popularity has fluctuated over the years, the works of Plato have never been without readers since the time they were written.
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works

42

The Republic

philosophical work written by Plato

author: Plato

380

Symposium

philosophical text by Plato

author: Plato

Apology

work by Plato

author: Plato

395

Gorgias

Socratic dialogue written by Plato

author: Plato

Phaedrus

work by Plato

author: Plato

Meno

Socratic dialogue by Plato on the topic of learning

author: Plato

Timaeus

dialogue by Plato

author: Plato

Sophist

book

author: Plato

Protagoras

Platonic dialogue

author: Plato

Phaedo

book

author: Plato

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