Author

J. R. R. Tolkien cover

photo credits: Wikimedia Commons

J. R. R. Tolkien

British philologist and author of classic high fantasy works (1892-1973)

1892   -   1973

movement: Inklings
genre: fantasy, children's literature, translation, literary studies, poetry, prose
country of citizenship: United Kingdom
native language: English
languages spoken, written or signed: English, Old English, Latin, Quenya, Sindarin, Khuzdûl
educated at: University of Oxford, Exeter College, King Edward's School, St. Philip's School
occupation: linguist, poet, university teacher, children's writer, translator, literary critic, essayist, military officer, author, writer, historian, illustrator, teacher
award received: Commander of the Order of the British Empire, Prometheus Award - Hall of Fame, Prometheus Award, Nebula Award for Best Script, Locus Award for Best Fantasy Novel, Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation, Hugo Award for Beast Dromatic Presentation (Long Form), Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature, Science Fiction and Fantasy Hall of Fame
position held: Rawlinson and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon
influenced by: George MacDonald, Edward Wyke Smith, Jules Verne, H. Rider Haggard, Edward Plunkett, 18th Baron of Dunsany, Edward Burne-Jones, William Morris, G. K. Chesterton
tolkienestate.com

John Ronald Reuel Tolkien (; 3 January 1892 – 2 September 1973) was an English writer, poet, philologist, and academic, best known as the author of the high fantasy works The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings. He served as the Rawlinson and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon and Fellow of Pembroke College, Oxford from 1925 to 1945 and the Merton Professor of English Language and Literature and Fellow of Merton College, Oxford from 1945 to 1959. He was a close friend of C. S. Lewis, a co-member of the informal literary discussion group The Inklings. Tolkien was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire by Queen Elizabeth II on 28 March 1972. After Tolkien's death, his son Christopher published a series of works based on his father's extensive notes and unpublished manuscripts, including The Silmarillion. These, together with The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings, form a connected body of tales, poems, fictional histories, invented languages, and literary essays about a fantasy world called Arda and, within it, Middle-earth. Between 1951 and 1955, Tolkien applied the term legendarium to the larger part of these writings. While many other authors had published works of fantasy before Tolkien, the great success of The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings led directly to a popular resurgence of the genre. This has caused Tolkien to be popularly identified as the "father" of modern fantasy literature—or, more precisely, of high fantasy.
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Works

113

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