Milorad Ekmečić

Serbian historian and member of the Serbian Academy of Science and Arts

1928   -   2015

country of citizenship: Serbia, Kingdom of Yugoslavia, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Serbia and Montenegro
language of expression: Serbian
educated at: University of Zagreb
occupation: historian, author, university teacher, writer
award received: Повеља Удружења књижевника Србије

Milorad Ekmečić (Serbo-Croatian Cyrillic: Милорад Екмечић; 4 October 1928 – 29 August 2015) was Yugoslav and Serbian historian who was a full professor of history at the University of Sarajevo from 1968 until 1992 and then the University of Belgrade between 1992 and 1994. He was a member of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, the Academy of Sciences and Arts of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Montenegrin Academy of Sciences and Arts and the Academy of Sciences and Arts of the Republika Srpska, the author of more than a dozen historical books, and received several significant national awards. While Ekmečić authored a number of important works in socialist Yugoslavia, including his contribution to the acclaimed History of Yugoslavia published in English in 1974, and Stvaranje Jugoslavije 1790–1918 [Creation of Yugoslavia 1790–1918] in 1989, he changed his views significantly during the breakup of Yugoslavia, and according to the Canadian historian David Bruce MacDonald, "went national". He served as an advisor to the convicted war criminal Radovan Karadžić when he was President of Republika Srpska during the 1992–1995 Bosnian War. He was also a founder of Karadžić's radical nationalist Serb Democratic Party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. He was active in the revisionist wave of Serbian historiography from 1991, and an analysis of Serbian historiography since that year observed that he was "complicit in the weaponisation of history, in particular that of the mass atrocities of the Second World War". This involved local historians eschewing the standards of international scholarship and concentrating exclusively on sectarian myths, resulting in the production of what has been described by several scholars of the period as "pseudohistory". He died in Belgrade at the age of 86.
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