Noam Chomsky

1928 -

photo credits: Wikimedia Commons

country of citizenship:  United States of America
native language:  American EnglishEnglish
languages spoken, written or signed:  EnglishAmerican English
award received:  Orwell AwardGuggenheim FellowshipBenjamin Franklin MedalHelmholtz MedalThomas Merton AwardSretenje OrderJames Joyce AwardsErich Fromm PrizeWilliam James Fellow AwardAlbertus-Magnus professorateKyoto Prize in Basic SciencesAPA Award for Distinguished Scientific Contributions to Psychologyhonorary doctor of the University of St Andrewshonorary doctorate from Columbia Universityhonorary doctor of Harvard Universityhonorary doctorate from the University of Cambridgehonorary doctor of the University of UppsalaHonorary doctor of the University of Bolognahonorary doctorate of the Vrije Universiteit Brusselhonorary doctor of the University of AthensHonorary doctorate from University of TorontoCSS FellowFellow of the Royal Society of CanadaFellow of the Linguistic Society of AmericaHonorary Doctorate of University of Buenos Aireshonorary doctorate from the McGill Universityhonorary doctor of the Peking UniversityBBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge AwardHonorary Doctorate from the National Autonomous University of Mexicohonorary doctor of Loyola University Chicagohonorary doctorate of the Autonomous University of Madridhonorary doctor of the University of ChileAssociate Member of the Tunisian Academy of Scienceshonorary doctor of the University of CalcuttaHonorary doctorate from university of Florencehonorary doctor of Amherst CollegeCarl von Ossietzky PrizeSeán MacBride Peace PrizeUS Peace PrizeSydney Peace Prize
position held:  professor
official website:

Avram Noam Chomsky (born December 7, 1928) is an American professor and public intellectual known for his work in linguistics, political activism, and social criticism. Sometimes called "the father of modern linguistics", Chomsky is also a major figure in analytic philosophy and one of the founders of the field of cognitive science. He is a laureate professor of linguistics at the University of Arizona and an institute professor emeritus at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Chomsky has written more than 150 books on topics such as linguistics, war, and politics. Ideologically, he aligns with anarcho-syndicalism and libertarian socialism. Born to Ashkenazi Jewish immigrants in Philadelphia, Chomsky developed an early interest in anarchism from alternative bookstores in New York City. He studied at the University of Pennsylvania. During his postgraduate work in the Harvard Society of Fellows, Chomsky developed the theory of transformational grammar for which he earned his doctorate in 1955. That year he began teaching at MIT, and in 1957 emerged as a significant figure in linguistics with his landmark work Syntactic Structures, which played a major role in remodeling the study of language. From 1958 to 1959 Chomsky was a National Science Foundation fellow at the Institute for Advanced Study. He created or co-created the universal grammar theory, the generative grammar theory, the Chomsky hierarchy, and the minimalist program. Chomsky also played a pivotal role in the decline of linguistic behaviorism, and was particularly critical of the work of B. F. Skinner. An outspoken opponent of U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War, which he saw as an act of American imperialism, in 1967 Chomsky rose to national attention for his anti-war essay "The Responsibility of Intellectuals". Becoming associated with the New Left, he was arrested multiple times for his activism and placed on President Richard Nixon's list of political opponents. While expanding his work in linguistics over subsequent decades, he also became involved in the linguistics wars. In collaboration with Edward S. Herman, Chomsky later articulated the propaganda model of media criticism in Manufacturing Consent, and worked to expose the Indonesian occupation of East Timor. His defense of unconditional freedom of speech, including that of Holocaust denial, generated significant controversy in the Faurisson affair of the 1980s. Chomsky's commentary on the Cambodian genocide also generated controversy. Since retiring from active teaching at MIT, he has continued his vocal political activism, including opposing the 2003 invasion of Iraq and supporting the Occupy movement. Chomsky began teaching at the University of Arizona in 2017. Chomsky is widely recognized as having helped to spark the cognitive revolution in the human sciences, contributing to the development of a new cognitivistic framework for the study of language and the mind. Chomsky remains a leading critic of U.S. foreign policy, contemporary capitalism, U.S. involvement and Israel's role in the Israeli–Palestinian conflict, and mass media. Chomsky and his ideas are highly influential in the anti-capitalist and anti-imperialist movements. Source: Wikipedia (en)


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