Author

Jorge Luis Borges cover

photo credits: Wikimedia Commons

Jorge Luis Borges

Argentine short story writer, essayist, poet and translator (1899-1986)

Jorge Francisco Isidoro Luis Borges Acevedo (; Spanish: [ˈboɾxes] (listen); 24 August 1899 – 14 June 1986) was an Argentine short-story writer, essayist, poet and translator, and a key figure in Spanish-language and international literature. His best-known books, Ficciones (Fictions) and El Aleph (The Aleph), published in the 1940s, are compilations of short stories interconnected by common themes, including dreams, labyrinths, philosophers, libraries, mirrors, fictional writers, and mythology. Borges's works have contributed to philosophical literature and the fantasy genre, and have been considered by some critics to mark the beginning of the magic realist movement in 20th century Latin American literature. His late poems converse with such cultural figures as Spinoza, Camões, and Virgil. Born in Buenos Aires, Borges later moved with his family to Switzerland in 1914, where he studied at the Collège de Genève. The family travelled widely in Europe, including Spain. On his return to Argentina in 1921, Borges began publishing his poems and essays in surrealist literary journals. He also worked as a librarian and public lecturer. In 1955, he was appointed director of the National Public Library and professor of English Literature at the University of Buenos Aires. He became completely blind by the age of 55. Scholars have suggested that his progressive blindness helped him to create innovative literary symbols through imagination. By the 1960s, his work was translated and published widely in the United States and Europe. Borges himself was fluent in several languages. In 1961, he came to international attention when he received the first Formentor Prize, which he shared with Samuel Beckett. In 1971, he won the Jerusalem Prize. His international reputation was consolidated in the 1960s, aided by his works being available in English, by the Latin American Boom and by the success of García Márquez's One Hundred Years of Solitude. He dedicated his final work, The Conspirators, to the city of Geneva, Switzerland. Writer and essayist J. M. Coetzee said of him: "He, more than anyone, renovated the language of fiction and thus opened the way to a remarkable generation of Spanish-American novelists."
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Series

1

Works

136

Ficciones

short story collection by Jorge Luis Borges

author: Jorge Luis Borges

1944

The Aleph

1949 book of short stories by Jorge Luis Borges

author: Jorge Luis Borges

1949

The Book of Sand

short story collection by Jorge Luis Borges

author: Jorge Luis Borges

1975

Book of Imaginary Beings

1957 book by Jorge Luis Borges

author: Jorge Luis Borges

1957

The Library of Babel

short story by Jorge Luis Borges

author: Jorge Luis Borges

1944

Brodie's Report

book by Jorge Luis Borges

author: Jorge Luis Borges

1970

Labyrinths

collection of short stories and essays by Jorge Luis Borges translated into English

author: Jorge Luis Borges

1962

The Garden of Forking Paths

1941 short story collection by Jorge Luis Borges

author: Jorge Luis Borges

1941

Evaristo Carriego: A Book About Old-Time Buenos Aires

1930 biography written by Jorge Luis Borges

author: Jorge Luis Borges

1930

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