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Claude Shannon cover

photo credits: Wikimedia Commons

Claude Shannon

American mathematician and information theorist (1916-2001)

1916   -   2001

country of citizenship: United States of America
languages spoken, written or signed: English
educated at: University of Michigan, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
occupation: mathematician, cryptographer, computer scientist, inventor, sport cyclist, university teacher, engineer, geneticist
award received: Fellow of the Royal Society, Stuart Ballantine Medal, John Fritz Medal, Harold Pender Award, Harvey Prize, IEEE Medal of Honor, National Medal of Science, Josiah Willard Gibbs Lectureship, National Inventors Hall of Fame, Claude E. Shannon Award, IEEE Morris N. Liebmann Memorial Award, Kyoto Prize in Basic Sciences, Kyoto Prize, Foreign Member of the Royal Society
influenced by: Vannevar Bush, Ralph Hartley

Claude Elwood Shannon (April 30, 1916 – February 24, 2001) was an American mathematician, electrical engineer, and cryptographer known as "the father of information theory". Shannon founded information theory with a landmark paper, "A Mathematical Theory of Communication", which he published in 1948. He also founded digital circuit design theory in 1937, when—as a 21-year-old master's degree student at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)—he wrote his thesis demonstrating that electrical applications of Boolean algebra could construct any logical numerical relationship. Shannon contributed to the field of cryptanalysis for national defense during World War II, including his fundamental work on codebreaking and secure telecommunications.
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