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Claude Shannon
American mathematician and information theorist
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1916

2001
country of citizenship:
United States of America
educated at:
University of Michigan, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
occupation:
mathematician, cryptographer, computer scientist, inventor, sport cyclist, university teacher, engineer
award received:
Fellow of the Royal Society, Stuart Ballantine Medal, John Fritz Medal, Harold Pender Award, Harvey Prize, IEEE Medal of Honor, National Medal of Science, Josiah Willard Gibbs Lectureship, National Inventors Hall of Fame, Claude E. Shannon Award, IEEE Morris N. Liebmann Memorial Award, Kyoto Prize in Basic Sciences, Kyoto Prize
Claude Elwood Shannon (April 30, 1916 – February 24, 2001) was an American mathematician, electrical engineer, and cryptographer known as "the father of information theory". Shannon is noted for having founded information theory with a landmark paper, A Mathematical Theory of Communication, that he published in 1948.
He is also well known for founding digital circuit design theory in 1937, when—as a 21yearold master's degree student at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)—he wrote his thesis demonstrating that electrical applications of Boolean algebra could construct any logical numerical relationship. Shannon contributed to the field of cryptanalysis for national defense during World War II, including his fundamental work on codebreaking and secure telecommunications.
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2A Mathematical Theory of Communication
1948 article by Claude Shannon
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author:
Claude Shannon
1948