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American mathematician and information theoristwd:Q92760
country of citizenship:
United States of America
language of expression: English
educated at: University of Michigan, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
occupation: mathematician, cryptographer, computer scientist, inventor, sport cyclist, university teacher, engineer, geneticist
award received: Fellow of the Royal Society, Stuart Ballantine Medal, John Fritz Medal, Harold Pender Award, Harvey Prize, IEEE Medal of Honor, National Medal of Science, Josiah Willard Gibbs Lectureship, National Inventors Hall of Fame, Claude E. Shannon Award, IEEE Morris N. Liebmann Memorial Award, Kyoto Prize in Basic Sciences, Kyoto Prize, Foreign Member of the Royal Society
influenced by: Vannevar Bush, Ralph Hartley
Claude Elwood Shannon (April 30, 1916 – February 24, 2001) was an American mathematician, electrical engineer, and cryptographer known as "the father of information theory". Shannon is noted for having founded information theory with a landmark paper, "A Mathematical Theory of Communication", that he published in 1948.
He is also well known for founding digital circuit design theory in 1937, when—as a 21-year-old master's degree student at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)—he wrote his thesis demonstrating that electrical applications of Boolean algebra could construct any logical numerical relationship. Shannon contributed to the field of cryptanalysis for national defense during World War II, including his fundamental work on codebreaking and secure telecommunications.
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1948 article by Claude Shannonwd:Q724029
author: Claude Shannon