photo credits: Wikimedia Commons
Russian bishop and surgeonwd:Q930090
country of citizenship:
Russian Empire, Soviet Union
educated at: Faculty of Law of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
occupation: priest, university teacher, surgeon
award received: Stalin Prize, Medal "For Valiant Labour in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945", honorary citizen of Pereslavl-Zalessky
position held: archbishop
Luke of Simferopol (Luke, Russian: Архиепи́скоп Лука́, born Valentin Felixovich Voyno-Yasenetsky, Russian: Валенти́н Фе́ликсович Во́йно-Ясене́цкий; April 27 or May 9, 1877 in Kerch – June 11, 1961, Simferopol), known as Saint Luke the Blessed Surgeon, was an outstanding surgeon, the founder of purulent surgery, a spiritual writer, a bishop of the Russian Orthodox Church, and archbishop of Simferopol and the Crimea from May 1946. He was a laureate of the Stalin Prize in medicine in 1946.
His most important work in medicine is Sketches of Purulent Surgery (1934). This is still a reference book and a manual for surgeons.
As a noticeable religious figure, he was subjected to political repressions and spent 11 years in internal exile.
Luke's mother was Orthodox and his father was Catholic, and according to his memoirs, he did not receive a religious upbringing from his family. When he left school the principal gave him a copy of the New Testament, and it was by a careful study of this that he came to know the teachings of Christ.
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