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The Bacchae

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The Bacchae (; Greek: Βάκχαι, Bakchai; also known as The Bacchantes ) is an ancient Greek tragedy, written by the Athenian playwright Euripides during his final years in Macedonia, at the court of Archelaus I of Macedon. It premiered posthumously at the Theatre of Dionysus in 405 BC as part of a tetralogy that also included Iphigeneia at Aulis and Alcmaeon in Corinth, and which Euripides' son or nephew is assumed to have directed. It won first prize in the City Dionysia festival competition. The tragedy is based on the Greek myth of King Pentheus of Thebes and his mother Agave, and their punishment by the god Dionysus (who is Pentheus's cousin). The god Dionysus appears at the beginning of the play and proclaims that he has arrived in Thebes to avenge the slander, which has been repeated by his aunts, that he is not the son of Zeus. In response, he intends to introduce Dionysian rites into the city, and he intends to demonstrate to the king, Pentheus, and to Thebes that he was indeed born a god. At the end of the play, Pentheus is torn apart by the women of Thebes and his mother Agave bears his head on a pike to her father Cadmus.The Bacchae is considered to be not only one of Euripides's greatest tragedies, but also one of the greatest ever written, modern or ancient. The Bacchae is distinctive in that the chorus is integrated into the plot and the god is not a distant presence, but a character in the play, indeed, the protagonist.
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original title: Βάκχαι
language: Ancient Greek
genre: Greek tragedy
narrative location: Thebes
characters: Dionysus, Pentheus, Agave, Maenad, Tiresias, Cadmus

Ebooks: on Wikisource

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editions

  • Bacchae

    language: English
    date of publication: 2002

    ISBN-13: 978-0-674-99601-4
    ISBN-10: 0-674-99601-1
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  • The Bacchae.

    language: English
    date of publication: 1970

    ISBN-13: 978-0-13-055285-3
    ISBN-10: 0-13-055285-2
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