Jean-Paul Sartre

French existentialist philosopher, playwright, novelist, screenwriter, political activist, biographer, and literary critic

1905   -   1980

movement: existentialism, atheism, phenomenology, French philosophy, Marxism
country of citizenship: France
native language: French
educated at: Lycée Henri-IV, École Normale Supérieure, Cours Hattemer, Lycée Louis-le-Grand, University of Paris
occupation: playwright, epistemologist, novelist, screenwriter, biographer, literary critic, essayist, resistance fighter, political writer, existentialist, ontologist, writer, philosopher, peace activist, opinion journalist, intellectual, author
award received: Nobel Prize in Literature, Eugène Dabit populist novel award, Legion of Honour
influenced by: Martin Heidegger, Louis-Ferdinand Céline, Emmanuel Levinas, Simone de Beauvoir, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Karl Marx

Ebooks: on Wikisource

Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre (, US also ; French: [saʁtʁ]; 21 June 1905 – 15 April 1980) was a French philosopher, playwright, novelist, political activist, biographer, and literary critic. He was one of the key figures in the philosophy of existentialism and phenomenology, and one of the leading figures in 20th-century French philosophy and Marxism. His work has also influenced sociology, critical theory, post-colonial theory, and literary studies, and continues to influence these disciplines. Sartre was also noted for his open relationship with prominent feminist and fellow existentialist philosopher and writer Simone de Beauvoir. Together, Sartre and de Beauvoir challenged the cultural and social assumptions and expectations of their upbringings, which they considered bourgeois, in both lifestyle and thought. The conflict between oppressive, spiritually destructive conformity (mauvaise foi, literally, "bad faith") and an "authentic" way of "being" became the dominant theme of Sartre's early work, a theme embodied in his principal philosophical work Being and Nothingness (L'Être et le Néant, 1943). Sartre's introduction to his philosophy is his work Existentialism Is a Humanism (L'existentialisme est un humanisme, 1946), originally presented as a lecture. He was awarded the 1964 Nobel Prize in Literature despite attempting to refuse it, saying that he always declined official honours and that "a writer should not allow himself to be turned into an institution".
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works

52

Saint Genet

book by Jean-Paul Sartre

author:

1952

Being and Nothingness

book by Jean-Paul Sartre

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1943

The Words

Les Mots, book by Jean-Paul Sartre

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1964

Nausea

novel by Jean-Paul Sartre

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1938

No Exit

1944 play by Jean-Paul Sartre

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1947

The Chips Are Down

book

author:

1947

Morts sans sépulture

Jean-Paul Sartre play

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1947

The Devil and the Good Lord

literary work

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1951

The Flies

literary work

author:

1947

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