Fyodor Dostoyevsky cover

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Fyodor Dostoyevsky

Russian author

1821   -   1881

movement: literary realism
country of citizenship: Russian Empire
native language: Russian
educated at: Military Engineering-Technical University, Nikolay engineering school
occupation: translator, novelist, essayist, short story writer, journalist, philosopher, biographer, engineer, writer
influenced by: Alexander Pushkin, Mikhail Lermontov, Nikolai Gogol, Vladimir Solovyov, Vissarion Belinsky, Alexander Herzen, Adam Mickiewicz, Immanuel Kant, William Shakespeare, Honoré de Balzac, Miguel de Cervantes, Charles Dickens, Victor Hugo, George Sand, Friedrich Schiller, E. T. A. Hoffmann, Edgar Allan Poe, Christ
www.rvb.ru/dostoevski/04index/txt_index.htm

Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky (; Russian: Фёдор Михайлович Достоевский, tr. Fyódor Mikháylovich Dostoyévskiy, IPA: [ˈfʲɵdər mʲɪˈxajləvʲɪtɕ dəstɐˈjɛfskʲɪj] ( listen); 11 November 1821 – 9 February 1881), sometimes transliterated Dostoyevsky, was a Russian novelist, short story writer, essayist, journalist and philosopher. Dostoevsky's literary works explore human psychology in the troubled political, social, and spiritual atmospheres of 19th-century Russia, and engage with a variety of philosophical and religious themes. His most acclaimed works include Crime and Punishment (1866), The Idiot (1869), Demons (1872) and The Brothers Karamazov (1880). Dostoevsky's oeuvre consists of 11 novels, three novellas, 17 short stories and numerous other works. Many literary critics rate him as one of the greatest psychologists in world literature. His 1864 novella Notes from Underground is considered to be one of the first works of existentialist literature. Born in Moscow in 1821, Dostoevsky was introduced to literature at an early age through fairy tales and legends, and through books by Russian and foreign authors. His mother died in 1837 when he was 15, and around the same time, he left school to enter the Nikolayev Military Engineering Institute. After graduating, he worked as an engineer and briefly enjoyed a lavish lifestyle, translating books to earn extra money. In the mid-1840s he wrote his first novel, Poor Folk, which gained him entry into St. Petersburg's literary circles. Arrested in 1849 for belonging to a literary group that discussed banned books critical of "Tsarist Russia", he was sentenced to death but the sentence was commuted at the last moment. He spent four years in a Siberian prison camp, followed by six years of compulsory military service in exile. In the following years, Dostoevsky worked as a journalist, publishing and editing several magazines of his own and later A Writer's Diary, a collection of his writings. He began to travel around western Europe and developed a gambling addiction, which led to financial hardship. For a time, he had to beg for money, but he eventually became one of the most widely read and highly regarded Russian writers. Dostoevsky was influenced by a wide variety of philosophers and authors including Pushkin, Gogol, Augustine, Shakespeare, Dickens, Balzac, Lermontov, Hugo, Poe, Plato, Cervantes, Herzen, Kant, Belinsky, Hegel, Schiller, Solovyov, Bakunin, Sand, Hoffmann, and Mickiewicz. His writings were widely read both within and beyond his native Russia and influenced an equally great number of later writers including Russians like Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn and Anton Chekhov as well as philosophers such as Friedrich Nietzsche and Jean-Paul Sartre. His books have been translated into more than 170 languages.
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works

64

The Beggar Boy at Christ's Christmas Tree

short story by Fyodor Dostoyevsky

author: Fyodor Dostoyevsky

1876

The Village of Stepanchikovo

novel by Fyodor Dostoyevsky

author: Fyodor Dostoyevsky

1859

Crime and Punishment

novel by Fyodor Dostoyevsky

author: Fyodor Dostoyevsky

1866

The Brothers Karamazov

novel by Fyodor Dostoyevsky

author: Fyodor Dostoyevsky

1880

The Idiot

novel by Fyodor Dostoyevsky

author: Fyodor Dostoyevsky

1869

The Gambler

novel by Fyodor Dostoyevsky

author: Fyodor Dostoyevsky

1867

Demons

novel by Fyodor Dostoyevsky

author: Fyodor Dostoyevsky

1871 or 1872

A little Hero

short story by Fyodor Dostoyevsky

author: Fyodor Dostoyevsky

1857

White Nights

1848 novella by Fyodor Dostoyevsky

author: Fyodor Dostoyevsky

1848

Notes from Underground

Novel by Fyodor Dostoyevsky

author: Fyodor Dostoyevsky

1864

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