Edmund Husserl

German philosopher, known as the father of phenomenology

Edmund Gustav Albrecht Husserl ( HUUSS-url, also US: HOO-surl, HUUSS-ər-əl, German: [ˈʔɛtmʊnt ˈhʊsɐl]; 8 April 1859 – 27 April 1938) was a German philosopher who established the school of phenomenology. In his early work, he elaborated critiques of historicism and of psychologism in logic based on analyses of intentionality. In his mature work, he sought to develop a systematic foundational science based on the so-called phenomenological reduction. Arguing that transcendental consciousness sets the limits of all possible knowledge, Husserl redefined phenomenology as a transcendental-idealist philosophy. Husserl's thought profoundly influenced the landscape of 20th-century philosophy, and he remains a notable figure in contemporary philosophy and beyond. Husserl studied mathematics under the tutelage of Karl Weierstrass and Leo Königsberger, and philosophy under Franz Brentano and Carl Stumpf. He taught philosophy as a Privatdozent at Halle from 1887, then as professor, first at Göttingen from 1901, then at Freiburg from 1916 until he retired in 1928, after which he remained highly productive. In 1933, due to racial laws, having been born to a Jewish family, he was expelled from the library of the University of Freiburg, and months later resigned from the Deutsche Akademie. Following an illness, he died in Freiburg in 1938.
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student of: Edmund Husserl

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Author

Edith Stein

Jewish-German nun, theologian and philosopher

works

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De l'Etat

author: Edith Stein

Author

Maurice Merleau-Ponty cover

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Maurice Merleau-Ponty

French phenomenological philosopher

Author

Carlos Astrada cover

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Carlos Astrada

Argentine philosopher

Author

Martin Heidegger cover

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Martin Heidegger

German philosopher

Author

Eugen Fink

German philosopher

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