classicism

art movement

Classicism, in the arts, refers generally to a high regard for a classical period, classical antiquity in the Western tradition, as setting standards for taste which the classicists seek to emulate. In its purest form, classicism is an aesthetic attitude dependent on principles based in the culture, art and literature of ancient Greece and Rome, with the emphasis on form, simplicity, proportion, clarity of structure, perfection, restrained emotion, as well as explicit appeal to the intellect. The art of classicism typically seeks to be formal and restrained: of the Discobolus Sir Kenneth Clark observed, "if we object to his restraint and compression we are simply objecting to the classicism of classic art. A violent emphasis or a sudden acceleration of rhythmic movement would have destroyed those qualities of balance and completeness through which it retained until the present century its position of authority in the restricted repertoire of visual images." Classicism, as Clark noted, implies a canon of widely accepted ideal forms, whether in the Western canon that he was examining in The Nude (1956), or the literary Chinese classics or Chinese art, where the revival of classic styles is also a recurring feature. Classicism is a force which is often present in post-medieval European and European influenced traditions; however, some periods felt themselves more connected to the classical ideals than others, particularly the Age of Enlightenment, when Neoclassicism was an important movement in the visual arts.
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movement: classicism

6

Author

Molière cover

photo credits: CC-PD-Mark

Molière

French playwright and actor

works

47

Les Fourberies de Scapin

three-act comedy by the French playwright Molière

author: Molière

1671

Dom Juan

play

author: Molière

1682

The Imaginary Invalid

comedy-ballet by Molière

author: Molière

1673

The Miser

17th century French comedy by Molière

author: Molière

1668

Tartuffe

play by Molière

author: Molière

1664

Author

Petar II Petrović-Njegoš cover

photo credits: CC-PD-Mark

Petar II Petrović-Njegoš

Prince-Bishop of Montenegro

Author

Alexander Sumarokov cover

photo credits: CC-PD-Mark

Alexander Sumarokov

Russian poet, playwright

Author

Esprit Fléchier cover

photo credits: CC-PD-Mark

Esprit Fléchier

French Catholic bishop, preacher and writer

Author

Madame de Lafayette cover

photo credits: Unknown - CC-PD-Mark

Madame de Lafayette

French writer

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