revivalist movement within Sunni Islam
Deobandi (Hindi: देवबन्दी; Pashto and Persian: دیوبندی; Urdu: دیوبندی; Arabic: الديوبندية; Bengali: দেওবন্দি) is a revivalist movement within Sunni (primarily Hanafi) Islam that formed around the Darul Uloom Islamic seminary in the town of Deoband, India, where the name derives from, during the late nineteenth century. The seminary was founded by Muhammad Qasim Nanautavi, Rashid Ahmad Gangohi, and several other figures in 1866, eight years after the Indian Rebellion of 1857-58. The movement is centered mainly in India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Bangladesh; has spread to the United Kingdom; and has a presence in South Africa.
Read more or edit on Wikipedia