an international postgraduate award for students to study at the University of Oxford
The Rhodes Scholarship is an international postgraduate award for students to study at the University of Oxford. It was established in 1902, making it the first large-scale programme of international scholarship. The Rhodes Scholarship was founded by English businessman and politician Cecil John Rhodes, to promote unity between English-speaking nations and instill a sense of civic-minded leadership and moral fortitude in future leaders irrespective of their chosen career paths. Although initially restricted to male applicants from countries which are today within the British Commonwealth, as well as Germany and the United States, today the scholarship is open to applicants from all backgrounds and from across the globe. Since its creation, controversy has surrounded both its former exclusion of women (thus leading to the establishment of the co-educational Marshall Scholarship), and Rhodes' white supremacist beliefs and legacy of colonialism.
Prominent recipients of the Rhodes Scholarship include politicians, academics, scientists, authors and entrepreneurs. Notable American politicians include former President of the United States Bill Clinton, former United States National Security Advisor and United States Ambassador to the United Nations Susan Rice, former United States Secretary of the Air Force and former Congresswoman Heather Wilson, and former United States Secretary of Health & Human Services Sylvia Matthews Burwell. President of Pakistan Wasim Sajjad, former Prime Minister of Malta Dom Mintoff, former Australian prime ministers Tony Abbott, Bob Hawke and Malcolm Turnbull, and the current Deputy Prime Minister of Canada, Chrystia Freeland are also Rhodes Scholars. Other notable Rhodes Scholars include journalist and American television host Rachel Maddow, author Naomi Wolf, former president of Planned Parenthood Leana Wen, Ronan Farrow, and president of the Walmart Foundation Kathleen McLaughlin. The current Warden and CEO of the Rhodes Trust, Elizabeth Kiss, is also a Rhodes Scholar.Some people offered this scholarship have not accepted it, including Sir Alimuddin Zumla, who declined the scholarship as a teenager to study medicine.
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