Presidential Medal of Freedom

joint-highest civilian award of the United States, bestowed by the President

The Presidential Medal of Freedom is an award bestowed by the president of the United States to recognize people who have made "an especially meritorious contribution to the security or national interests of the United States, world peace, cultural or other significant public or private endeavors". The Presidential Medal of Freedom and the Congressional Gold Medal are the highest civilian awards of the United States. The award is not limited to U.S. citizens and, while it is a civilian award, it can also be awarded to military personnel and worn on the uniform. It was established in 1963 by President John F. Kennedy, superseding the Medal of Freedom that was established by President Harry S. Truman in 1945 to honor civilian service during World War II.
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award received: Presidential Medal of Freedom

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James A. Michener cover

photo credits: PD US Air Force

James A. Michener

American author

Author

Stephen Hawking cover

photo credits: NASA - PD NASA

Stephen Hawking

British theoretical physicist, cosmologist, and author

Author

T. S. Eliot cover

photo credits: CC-PD-Mark

T. S. Eliot

English author

Author

Toni Morrison cover

photo credits: CC-BY-SA-2.0

Toni Morrison

Afro-American writer

Author

Maya Angelou

American poet and author

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