The Aelita Award is an award for science fiction writers founded by the Union of Writers of the Russian Federation (formerly the Soviet Writers Union) and "Uralsky Sledopyt Magazine" in 1981. It was named after the classic Russian science fiction novel Aelita. The prize is awarded during the Aelita, a Soviet/Russian science fiction fandom convention.
In 1989, the Start Award was created as a runner-up award to the Aelita.
A number of other awards are or have been given in conjunction with the Aëlita ceremony. These include:
The Ivan Yefremov Memorial Award, named in honor of science fiction writer and paleontologist Ivan Yefremov (1908-1972) and recognizes great contributions to the development of Soviet science fiction studies.
The Vitaly Bugrov Memorial Award is given in honor of science fiction writer, editor and critic Vitaly Bugrov (1938-1994) for great contributions to the writing of story collections and nonfiction works. He was also instrumental in the founding of the Aëlita Award.
The Order of the Knights of Science Fiction & Fantasy is given for great contributions to Russian fandom.
The Europe-Asia Award is given for writers who reflect or represent Ekaterinburg and the Urals in their writing.
The Order of Kindness & Light is given for writers who promote in their works ideas of humaneness, kindness and a positive attitude towards humanity.
The Master of Science Fiction & Fantasy Award is like the Grand Master Award given by the Science Fiction Writers of America (SFWA).
The Velikoye Koltso (Great Ring) Award was established by Boris Zavgorodny and was re-established by the Alkor Fan Club. It is given by Soviet fandom for their favorite novel, and physically resembles the American Hugo Award.
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