Order of Culture

Japanese order

The Order of Culture (文化勲章, Bunka-kunshō) is a Japanese order, established on February 11, 1937. The order has one class only, and may be awarded to men and women for contributions to Japan's art, literature, science, technology, or anything related to culture in general; recipients of the order also receive an annuity for life. The order is conferred by the Emperor of Japan in person on Culture Day (November 3) each year. The badge of the order, which is in gold with white enamel, is in the form of a Tachibana orange blossom; the central disc bears three crescent-shaped jades (magatama). The badge is suspended on a gold and enamel wreath of mandarin orange leaves and fruit, which is in turn suspended on a purple ribbon worn around the neck.
Read more or edit on Wikipedia

award received: Order of Culture



Buzz Aldrin cover

photo credits: NASA - PD NASA

Buzz Aldrin

American astronaut



Mission to Mars

2013 book by Buzz Aldrin

author: Buzz Aldrin


Encounter with Tiber

novel by John Barnes

author: Buzz Aldrin, John Barnes


The Return

2000 novel by Buzz Aldrin and John Barnes

author: Buzz Aldrin, John Barnes


Magnificent Desolation

book by Buzz Aldrin

author: Buzz Aldrin



Michael Collins cover

photo credits: PD NASA

Michael Collins

former American astronaut and test pilot


Neil Armstrong cover

photo credits: Unknown author - PD NASA

Neil Armstrong

American astronaut; first person to walk on the moon


Naruhito cover

photo credits: Wikimedia Commons


Emperor of Japan


Donald Keene cover

photo credits: CC-BY-SA-2.0

Donald Keene

Japanese/American academic

you are offline