Congressional Gold Medal


A Congressional Gold Medal is an award bestowed by the United States Congress. The congressional practice of issuing gold medals to occasionally honor recipients from the military began during the American Revolution. Later the practice extended to individuals in all walks of life and in the late 20th century also to groups. The Congressional Gold Medal and the Presidential Medal of Freedom are the highest civilian awards in the United States. The congressional medal seeks to honor those, individually or as a group, "who have performed an achievement that has an impact on American history and culture that is likely to be recognized as a major achievement in the recipient's field long after the achievement." However, "There are no permanent statutory provisions specifically relating to the creation of Congressional Gold Medals. When a Congressional Gold Medal has been deemed appropriate, Congress has, by legislative action, provided for the creation of a medal on an ad hoc basis." Thus, there are generally fewer gold medals than presidential medals. U.S. citizenship is not a requirement. As of April 4, 2019, 163 institutions, people, or events have been awarded a Congressional Gold Medal.
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award received: Congressional Gold Medal



Tenzin Gyatso cover

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Tenzin Gyatso

spiritual leader of Tibet



Essential teachings

English translation of talks first delivered in India in 1974 by the 14th Dalai Lama

author: Tenzin Gyatso


Les Voies du cœur (book from T. Gyatso and E. Drewermann)

Book from Tenzin Gyatso and Eugen Drewermann on the complementarity between buddhism and christianism. French translation.

author: Tenzin Gyatso, Eugen Drewermann


Freedom in Exile

book by Tenzin Gyatso

author: Tenzin Gyatso


The Art of Happiness

book by Tenzin Gyatso

author: Tenzin Gyatso



John Paul II cover

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John Paul II

264th Pope of the Catholic Church, saint



Novo Millennio Ineunte

2001 Apostolic Letter By Pope John Paul II

author: John Paul II

Roman Triptych

poem by Pope John Paul II

author: John Paul II


Crossing the Threshold of Hope

printed interview with pope John Paul II

author: John Paul II, Vittorio Messori


Testament of Pope John Paul II

literair werk van Paus Johannes Paulus II

author: John Paul II



Elie Wiesel cover

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Elie Wiesel

Romanian-born Jewish Holocaust survivor, writer, professor, activist, and thinker


Martin Luther King Jr.

American clergyman, activist, and leader in the American Civil Rights Movement

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