Sherlock Holmes

fictional private detective created by Arthur Conan Doyle

Sherlock Holmes ( or ) is a fictional private detective created by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. Referring to himself as a "consulting detective" in the stories, Holmes is known for his proficiency with observation, forensic science, and logical reasoning that borders on the fantastic, which he employs when investigating cases for a wide variety of clients, including Scotland Yard. First appearing in print in 1887's A Study in Scarlet, the character's popularity became widespread with the first series of short stories in The Strand Magazine, beginning with "A Scandal in Bohemia" in 1891; additional tales appeared from then until 1927, eventually totalling four novels and 56 short stories. All but one are set in the Victorian or Edwardian eras, between about 1880 and 1914. Most are narrated by the character of Holmes's friend and biographer Dr. Watson, who usually accompanies Holmes during his investigations and often shares quarters with him at the address of 221B Baker Street, London, where many of the stories begin. Though not the first fictional detective, Sherlock Holmes is arguably the best known, with Guinness World Records listing him as the "most portrayed movie character" in history. Holmes's popularity and fame are such that many have believed him to be not a fictional character but a real individual; numerous literary and fan societies have been founded that pretend to operate on this principle. Widely considered a British cultural icon, the character and stories have had a profound and lasting effect on mystery writing and popular culture as a whole, with the original tales as well as thousands written by authors other than Conan Doyle being adapted into stage and radio plays, television, films, video games, and other media for over one hundred years.
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characters: Sherlock Holmes

27

Series

A Study in Scarlet

first Sherlock Holmes novel by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle

author: Arthur Conan Doyle
illustrator: Sidney Paget

1887

The Boscombe Valley Mystery

short story by Arthur Conan Doyle

author: Arthur Conan Doyle
illustrator: Sidney Paget

1891

The Adventure of the Red-Headed League

short story by Arthur Conan Doyle

author: Arthur Conan Doyle
illustrator: Sidney Paget

1891

The Five Orange Pips

short story by Arthur Conan Doyle

author: Arthur Conan Doyle
illustrator: Sidney Paget

1891

A Case of Identity

short story by Arthur Conan Doyle

author: Arthur Conan Doyle
illustrator: Sidney Paget

1891

The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes

collection of short stories by Arthur Conan Doyle

author: Arthur Conan Doyle
illustrator: Sidney Paget

1892

The Hound of the Baskervilles

crime novel by Arthur Conan Doyle

author: Arthur Conan Doyle
illustrator: Sidney Paget

1901

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