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The University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley, Berkeley, Cal, or California), is a public land-grant research university in Berkeley, California. It was established in 1868 as the University of California and is the state's first land-grant university and the founding campus of the University of California system. Berkeley is one of the top universities in the world and is one of the leading universities worldwide in producing entrepreneurs and attracting funding for start-up companies. Alumni have founded more companies than any university worldwide and its degrees are among the most valuable in Silicon Valley.A founding member of the Association of American Universities, Berkeley hosts research institutes dedicated to science, engineering, and mathematics. It founded and manages three national laboratories for the U.S. Department of Energy: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), and Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). Berkeley also played a role in the Manhattan Project and the discovery of sixteen chemical elements. Berkeley's athletic teams, which compete as the California Golden Bears in the Pac-12 Conference, have won 107 national championships, and alumni have won 223 Olympic medals (including 121 gold medals).Among Berkeley's alumni, faculty, and researchers are 107 Nobel laureates, 25 Turing Award winners, 19 Academy Award winners, 14 Fields Medalists, 30 Wolf Prize winners, 34 Pulitzer Prize winners, 190 recipients of the MacArthur "Genius Grant", and 68 recipients of the National Medal of Science. The university has produced seven heads of state or government, six chief justices, and at least twenty-five billionaires. It is also a leading producer of Fulbright Scholars, MacArthur Fellows, and Marshall Scholars. Source: Wikipedia (en)

Subject - wd:Q168756

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