Leonhard Euler

Swiss mathematician

Leonhard Euler ( OY-lər; German: [ˈɔʏlɐ] (listen); 15 April 1707 – 18 September 1783) was a Swiss mathematician, physicist, astronomer, geographer, logician and engineer who made important and influential discoveries in many branches of mathematics, such as infinitesimal calculus and graph theory, while also making pioneering contributions to several branches such as topology and analytic number theory. He also introduced much of the modern mathematical terminology and notation, particularly for mathematical analysis, such as the notion of a mathematical function. He is also known for his work in mechanics, fluid dynamics, optics, astronomy and music theory.Euler was one of the most eminent mathematicians of the 18th century and is held to be one of the greatest in history. He is also widely considered to be the most prolific, as his collected works fill 92 volumes, more than anyone else in the field. He spent most of his adult life in Saint Petersburg, Russia, and in Berlin, then the capital of Prussia. A statement attributed to Pierre-Simon Laplace expresses Euler's influence on mathematics: "Read Euler, read Euler, he is the master of us all."
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influenced by: Leonhard Euler

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Author

Pierre-Simon Laplace

French mathematician and astronomer

works

2

Exposition du système du monde

popular astronomy book by Laplace

author: Pierre-Simon Laplace

1796

Mécanique Céleste

book by Laplace

author: Pierre-Simon Laplace

1799 or 1825

Author

Joseph-Louis Lagrange

Mathematician and astronomer (1736-1813)

Author

Carl Friedrich Gauss cover

photo credits: CC-PD-Mark

Carl Friedrich Gauss

German mathematician and physical scientist

Author

Anders Johan Lexell

Russian mathematician

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