J. R. R. Tolkien

British philologist and author of classic high fantasy works

John Ronald Reuel Tolkien (; 3 January 1892 – 2 September 1973) was an English writer, poet, philologist, and academic. He was the author of the classic high fantasy works The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings. He served as the Rawlinson and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon and Fellow of Pembroke College, Oxford, from 1925 to 1945 and Merton Professor of English Language and Literature and Fellow of Merton College, Oxford, from 1945 to 1959. He was at one time a close friend of C. S. Lewis—they were both members of the informal literary discussion group known as the Inklings. Tolkien was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire by Queen Elizabeth II on 28 March 1972. After Tolkien's death, his son Christopher published a series of works based on his father's extensive notes and unpublished manuscripts, including The Silmarillion. These, together with The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings, form a connected body of tales, poems, fictional histories, invented languages, and literary essays about a fantasy world called Arda and Middle-earth within it. Between 1951 and 1955, Tolkien applied the term legendarium to the larger part of these writings.While many other authors had published works of fantasy before Tolkien, the great success of The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings led directly to a popular resurgence of the genre. This has caused Tolkien to be popularly identified as the "father" of modern fantasy literature—or, more precisely, of high fantasy. In 2008, The Times ranked him sixth on a list of "The 50 greatest British writers since 1945". Forbes ranked him the fifth top-earning "dead celebrity" in 2009.
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Author

C. S. Lewis cover

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C. S. Lewis

Christian apologist, novelist, and Medievalist

works

51

The Screwtape Letters

satirical, epistolary Christian apologetic novel by C. S. Lewis

author: C. S. Lewis

1942

The chronicles of Narnia

author: C. S. Lewis

Mere Christianity

book by C. S. Lewis on the fundamentals of Christianity

author: C. S. Lewis

1952

Till We Have Faces

1956 novel by C. S. Lewis; a retelling of Cupid and Psyche, based on its telling in a chapter of The Golden Ass of Apuleius

author: C. S. Lewis

1956

The Problem of Pain

1940 book on the problem of evil by C. S. Lewis, in which Lewis argues that human pain, animal pain, and hell are not sufficient reasons to reject belief in a good and powerful God

author: C. S. Lewis

1940

Author

Gene Wolfe cover

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Gene Wolfe

American science fiction and fantasy writer

Author

Christopher Tolkien

British book editor

Author

Robert Jordan cover

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Robert Jordan

American writer

Author

Ursula K. Le Guin cover

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Ursula K. Le Guin

American writer

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