conviction and punishment of a person for a crime they did not commit
A miscarriage of justice, also known as a failure of justice, occurs when a person is convicted and punished for a crime that they did not commit. It is seldom used as a legal defense in criminal and deportation proceedings. The term also applies to errors in the other direction—"errors of impunity", or to any clearly unjust outcome in any civil case. Every "miscarriage of justice" in turn is a "manifest injustice." Most criminal justice systems have some means to overturn or quash a wrongful conviction, but this is often difficult to achieve. In some instances a wrongful conviction is not overturned for several decades, or until after the innocent person has been executed, released from custody, or has died.
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main subject: miscarriage of justice5
1988 nonfiction book by Carl Karp and Cecil Rosner
2012 nonfiction book by Cynthia J Faryon
memoir by Joyce Milgaard on her fight to free her wrongfully imprisoned son