Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando

Spanish art school, museum and gallery in Madrid, Spain

The Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando (transl. 'Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando'), located on the Calle de Alcalá in the heart of Madrid, currently functions as a museum and gallery. A public law corporation, it is integrated together with other Spanish royal academies in the Instituto de España.The academy was established by royal decree in 1752. About twenty years later, the enlightened monarch Charles III purchased a palace in Madrid as the academy's new home. The building had been designed by José Benito de Churriguera for the Goyeneche family. The king commissioned Diego de Villanueva to convert the building for academic use, employing a neoclassical style in place of Churriguera's baroque design. The academy is also the headquarters of the Madrid Academy of Art. The first graduate of the academy was Bárbara María Hueva.Francisco Goya was once one of the academy's directors, and its alumni include Felip Pedrell, Pablo Picasso, Kiko Argüello, Remedios Varo, Salvador Dalí, Antonio López García, Juan Luna, Oscar de la Renta, and Fernando Botero.
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