political philosophy

sub-discipline of philosophy and political science

Political philosophy, also known as political theory, is the study of topics such as politics, liberty, justice, property, rights, law, and the enforcement of laws by authority: what they are, if they are needed, what makes a government legitimate, what rights and freedoms it should protect, what form it should take, what the law is, and what duties citizens owe to a legitimate government, if any, and when it may be legitimately overthrown, if ever. Political theory also engages questions of a broader scope, tackling the political nature of phenomena and categories such as identity, culture, sexuality, race, wealth, human-nonhuman relations, ecology, religion, and more. Political philosophy is a branch of philosophy, but it has also been a major part of political science, within which a strong focus has historically been placed on both the history of political thought and contemporary political theory (from normative political theory to various critical approaches). In the Oxford Handbook in Political Theory (2006), the field is described as: "[...] an interdisciplinary endeavor whose center of gravity lies at the humanities end of the happily still undisciplined discipline of political science ... For a long time, the challenge for the identity of political theory has been how to position itself productively in three sorts of location: in relation to the academic disciplines of political science, history, and philosophy; between the world of politics and the more abstract, ruminative register of theory; between canonical political theory and the newer resources (such as feminist and critical theory, discourse analysis, film and film theory, popular and political culture, mass media studies, neuroscience, environmental studies, behavioral science, and economics) on which political theorists increasingly draw."
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main subject: political philosophy


The Social Contract

book by Jean-Jacques Rousseau

author: Jean-Jacques Rousseau


Discourse on Voluntary Servitude

famous essay on political philosophy by Étienne de La Boétie

author: Étienne de La Boétie


A Theory of Justice

work of political philosophy and ethics by John Rawls

author: John Rawls


Civilization and Its Discontents

book of Sigmund Freud

author: Sigmund Freud


Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844

literary work by Karl Marx

author: Karl Marx


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