health care of all those with a terminal condition that has become advanced, progressive, and incurable
End-of-life care (EoLC) refers to health care for a person with a terminal condition that has become advanced, progressive, and/or incurable.
End-of-life care requires a range of decisions, including questions of palliative care, patients' right to self-determination (of treatment, life), medical experimentation, the ethics and efficacy of extraordinary or hazardous medical interventions, and the ethics and efficacy even of continued routine medical interventions. In addition, end-of-life often touches upon rationing and the allocation of resources in hospitals and national medical systems. Such decisions are informed both by technical, medical considerations, economic factors as well as bioethics. In addition, end-of-life treatments are subject to considerations of patient autonomy.In most advanced countries, medical spending on those in the last twelve months of life makes up roughly 10% of total aggregate medical spending, and spending on those in the last three years of life can account for up to 25%. Whether or not a physician would be surprised if a person was dead within a set period of time was somewhat accurate at predicting end of life.
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