visual representation of a geographical area

A map is a symbolic depiction emphasizing relationships between elements of some space, such as objects, regions, or themes. Many maps are static, fixed to paper or some other durable medium, while others are dynamic or interactive. Although most commonly used to depict geography, maps may represent any space, real or fictional, without regard to context or scale, such as in brain mapping, DNA mapping, or computer network topology mapping. The space being mapped may be two dimensional, such as the surface of the earth, three dimensional, such as the interior of the earth, or even more abstract spaces of any dimension, such as arise in modeling phenomena having many independent variables. Although the earliest maps known are of the heavens, geographic maps of territory have a very long tradition and exist from ancient times. The word "map" comes from the medieval Latin Mappa mundi, wherein mappa meant napkin or cloth and mundi the world. Thus, "map" became a shortened term referring to a two-dimensional representation of the surface of the world.
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main subject: map


Coletânea de Mapas da Cartografia Paulista Antiga

1922 atlas assembled by Affonso d'Escragnolle Taunay

author: Afonso d'Escragnolle Taunay




User Guide to 1:250,000 Scale Lunar Maps

book published in 1975

author: Danny C. Kinsler


L'apparition du Nord : selon Gérard Mercator

Book on the old map "Septentrionalium Terrarum descriptio" of Gerardus Mercator

author: Louis-Edmond Hamelin, Stéfano Biondo, Jöe Bouchard


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