Italian Communist Party

communist political party in Italy (1921–1991)

The Italian Communist Party (Italian: Partito Comunista Italiano, PCI) was a communist political party in Italy. The PCI was founded as Communist Party of Italy on 21 January 1921 in Livorno by seceding from the Italian Socialist Party (PSI). Amadeo Bordiga, Antonio Gramsci, and Nicola Bombacci led the split. Outlawed during the Fascist regime, the party played a major role in the Italian resistance movement. It changed its name in 1943 to PCI and became the second largest political party of Italy after World War II, attracting the support of about a third of the vote share during the 1970s. At the time, it was the largest communist party in the West, with peak support reaching 2.3 million members, in 1947, and peak share being 34.4% of the vote (12.6 million votes) in the 1976 general election. The PCI transitioned from doctrinaire communism to democratic socialism by the 1970s or the 1980s and adhered to the Eurocommunist trend. In 1991, it was dissolved and re-launched as the Democratic Party of the Left (PDS), which joined the Socialist International and the Party of European Socialists. The more radical members of the organization formally seceded to establish the Communist Refoundation Party (PRC).
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main subject: Italian Communist Party

3
  • Scritti corsari

    book by Pier Paolo Pasolini

    author: Pier Paolo Pasolini

    1975

  • Publisher

    Letters to the Heretics: Correspondence with the Leaders of the New Italian Left

    1977 satirical forgery, an epistolary apocryphally attributed to Enrico Berlinguer (head of the Italian Communist Party) and presented as a text by Einaudi Editore, with an apocryphal preface of Giulio Einaudi, founder of the publisher Einaudi

    Lettere agli Eretici. Epistolario con i dirigenti della nuova sinistra italiana è un falso editoriale pubblicato nel 1977 ad opera del torinese Pierfranco Ghisleni. L'autore, che si firmò Enrico Berlinguer, stampò e diffuse un libro che aveva l'aspetto di un titolo (il n. 99) appartenente alla collana Nuovo Politecnico della casa editrice fondata da Giulio Einaudi. La realizzazione del falso editoriale incarnava lo spirito situazionista e irriverente del movimento del '77 e sbeffeggia il Partito Comunista Italiano e le velleità rivoluzionarie dei leader anti-parlamentari ed extra-parlamentari.
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