private research university in Medford/Somerville, Massachusetts
Tufts University is a private research university on the border of Medford and Somerville, Massachusetts. It was founded in 1852 as Tufts College by Christian universalists who sought to open a nonsectarian institution of higher learning. It was a small New England liberal arts college until its transformation into a larger research university in the 1970s, though its corporate name is still "The Trustees of Tufts College". It is classified among "R1: Doctoral Universities – Very high research activity." Tufts emphasizes active citizenship and public service in all its disciplines, and is known for its internationalism and study abroad programs.Tufts offers over 90 undergraduate and 160 graduate programs across ten schools in the greater Boston area and Talloires, France. It has the country's oldest graduate school of international relations, the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy. The largest school is the School of Arts and Sciences, which includes both the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences and the School of the Museum of Fine Arts at Tufts University, which is affiliated with the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. The School of Engineering offers an entrepreneurial focus through its Gordon Institute and maintains close connections with the original college. Admissions is highly selective.The university has a campus in Downtown Boston that houses the medical, dental, and nutrition schools, as well as the Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, affiliated with several medical centers in the area. Tufts offers joint undergraduate degree programs with the New England Conservatory, the College of Europe and Sciences Po Paris with additional programs with the University of Paris, University of Oxford, London School of Economics, and constituents of the University of London. Several of its programs have affiliations with the nearby institutions of Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.Alumni and affiliates include seven Nobel laureates, seven Pulitzer Prize winners, heads of state, five state governors, two U.S. Senators, Emmy and Academy Award winners, and National Academy members. Tufts has also graduated four Rhodes Scholars, five Marshall Scholars, five Truman Scholars, and five Goldwater scholars.
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