State-owned/operated national railway system of India
Indian Railways (IR) is a governmental entity under the Ministry of Railways that operates India's national railway system. It is run by the government as a government entity and manages the fourth-largest railway network in the world by size, with a route length of 67,956 km (42,226 mi) as of 31 March 2020. 39,866 km (24,772 mi) or 58.66% of all the routes are electrified with 25 kV 50 Hz AC electric traction as of August 2020.In the fiscal year ending March 2020, IR carried 808.6 crore (8.086 billion) passengers and transported 121.22 crore (1.2122 billion) tonnes of freight. IR runs 13,169 passenger trains daily, on both long-distance and suburban routes, covering 7,325 stations across India. Mail or Express trains, the most common types, run at an average speed of 50.6 km/h (31.4 mph). Suburban EMUs run at an average speed of 37.5 km/h (23.3 mph). Ordinary Passenger Trains (incl. mixed) run at an average speed of 33.5 km/h (20.8 mph). The maximum speed of passenger trains varies, with the Vande Bharat Express running at a peak speed of 180 km/h (110 mph).
In the freight segment, IR runs 8,479 trains daily. The average speed of freight trains is around 24 km/h (15 mph). The maximum speed of freight trains varies from 60 to 75 km/h (37 to 47 mph) depending on their axle load with 'container special' trains running at a peak speed of 100 km/h (62 mph).
As of March 2020, Indian Railways' rolling stock consisted of 2,93,077 freight wagons, 76,608 passenger coaches and 12,729 locomotives. IR owns locomotive and coach-production facilities at several locations in India. IR had 1.254 million employees as of March 2020, making it the world's eighth-largest employer.The government has committed to electrifying India's entire rail network by 2023–24, and become a "net-zero (carbon emissions) railway" by 2030.
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